Wheat Flour / Gothumai Mavu
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Wheat flour is a type of flour that is made by grinding wheat grains into a fine powder. Wheat is one of the most widely cultivated cereal crops in the world, and wheat flour is used in a variety of food products, such as bread, pasta, pastries, and cakes.
There are several different types of wheat flour, which are categorized based on the type of wheat used and the milling process. The most commonly used types of wheat flour include:
All-purpose flour: This is a versatile type of flour that is made by blending hard and soft wheat grains. It is commonly used in a wide range of baked goods and has a moderate protein content.
Bread flour: This type of flour is made from hard wheat grains and has a high protein content, which makes it ideal for making bread and other yeast-based products.
Pastry flour: This type of flour is made from soft wheat grains and has a lower protein content than all-purpose or bread flour. It is commonly used in pastries, cakes, and other baked goods that require a more delicate texture.
Whole wheat flour: This type of flour is made from the entire wheat grain, including the bran, germ, and endosperm. It is higher in fiber and nutrients than refined wheat flour and is commonly used in bread and other baked goods that have a denser texture.
Wheat flour is a staple ingredient in many cuisines around the world and is a good source of carbohydrates, fiber, and some essential nutrients, such as iron and B vitamins. However, it is important to note that wheat flour contains gluten, a protein that can cause allergic reactions in some people and can be harmful to those with celiac disease or gluten intolerance.